From Education to Employability: Preparing South Asian Youth for the World of Work
South Asia is home to the largest share of the world’s youth. With 48 percent of its population below the age of 24, South Asia’s youth offer the potential to drive its economies to be more vibrant and productive. Yet optimism over the region’s so-called demographic dividend is tempered by questions about whether existing education systems are adequately preparing young people to make the leap from education to a 21st century world of work.
While significant progress has been made towards achieving universal primary education, education systems in South Asia are fraught with many challenges ranging from deficient resources and poor quality to rising instability and conflict. In the interim, facing pressure to enable their growing youth populations to find work on the one hand, and to supply their changing and growing industries with workers on the other, governments are instituting vocational training programs. There is clearly a need for skills development, but it cannot be a substitute for all that basic education provides. Education and skills training systems must form a continuum with education laying the foundation for a deeper development of vocational skills, and on the job training to ultimately improve employment outcomes and generate sustainable livelihoods.
As envisaged by the Sustainable Development Goals, there is an urgent need to bridge the worlds of education and employment in order to harness the huge potential of youth. Just Jobs Network in partnership with UNICEF has completed this study which provides a comprehensive mapping of the secondary education and skills sector alongside analysing key trends that affect education and labour market outcomes. The study concludes with a set of recommendations for policy, domestic financing and public-private partnership; possible interventions in schools and alternative learning pathways; and suggestions for expanding the evidence base on the nexus of education, skills and employability.
Regional Study on Child Marriage, Adolescents, Pregnancy and School dropout: The level of association among child marriage, teenage pregnancy and education attainments in South Asia
One of the five entry points UNICEF ROSA considers to accelerate progress against child marriage and increase girls' participation in secondary education includes the generation and use of a robust evidence base for sound programming and advocacy. Further, these trends highlight the need for UNICEF ROSA to strengthen efforts to address the barriers to school enrolment, attendance, learning and completing basic education at primary and secondary level of education.
Regional evaluation on the contribution of child friendly education on teaching and learning
Phase 1: Mapping of Education Quality and Learning Initiatives in South Asia
Phase 2: Evaluation of UNICEF’s contribution to improving learning through the Child Friendly School approach
There is a need for in-depth study of UNICEF’s work to promote the quality of education and learning across South Asia. The report from this evaluation will serve as a basis for sharing information with and between partners, and to identify good and promising practices on improving education quality and learning outcomes in the region. UNICEF ROSA will utilize the mapping to promote evidence-based programming and strengthen linkages between country offices and other institutions engaged in the development of programme strategies to successfully improve learning environments and outcomes for children in the region. The lessons learned and recommendations will be used by UNICEF country office staff engaged in education programming and mainstreaming or converging approaches in the eight countries of the region as well as line ministries to shape strategies around improving education quality.
Regional Study on Early Literacy and Multilingual Education in South Asia
SDG4 focuses on increased and expanded access, equity and inclusion, quality and learning outcomes as well as lifelong learning. Taking this into account, UNICEF ROSA is focusing on a holistic approach starting from infancy, pre-school, primary and through secondary education to labour market, addressing vulnerability points along the way. Given the context, exploring the strong relationship and building the evidence base on language and learning and developing country guidelines require close attention in South Asia region.
South Asia: Roadmap for Action to meet SDG 4 on Education
First ever South Asian symposium on Sustainable Peace and Education
Moving forward on the agenda of ECD in Asia-Pacific with the Putrajaya Declaration
UNICEF ROSA Education Newsletter: Peace Building and Education: May 2016
UNICEF ROSA Education Newsletter: September 2016
ROSA Update: GETM 2016
UNICEF South Asia: Regional Education Network Meeting Report and Shared Vision for Education in South Asia
Comprehensive School Safety in South Asia: Concepts, Frameworks and Implementation. Report of the RoundTable, 24- 25 August 2016
UNICEF and Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) Social Cohesion and Education of Children and Youth in Pakistan: End-line Study, 2016.
UNICEF, Coming together to revitalize earthquake-hit communities in Nepal. One school at a time (Photo Story), 2016.
UNICEF, Improving Education Participation: Policy and Practice Pointers for Enrolling All Children and Adolescents in School and Preventing Dropout, 2017
UNICEF, Out of School Children in Gilgit-Baltistan, 2016.
UNICEF, Out of School Children in Azad Jammu & Kashmir, 2016
UNICEF, Simulations for Equity in Education (SEE) Balochistan Model, 2016
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UNESCO: Global Education Monitoring Report 2016: Education for people and planet: The 2016 edition of the GEM Report provides valuable insight for governments and policy makers to monitor and accelerate progress towards SDG 4, building on the indicators and targets, with equity and inclusion as measures of overall success.
UNESCO Institute for Statistics: Sustainable Development Data Digest. Laying the Foundation to Measure Sustainable Development Goal 4 This report offers a roadmap for better measurement and it also documents how key targets and indicators were developed through a country-led process guided by a global and thematic expert and advisory group.
UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) and the Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report: Leaving no one behind: How far on the way to universal primary and secondary education?
Education Violence Against Children in Education Settings in South Asia: A desk review April 2016
The desk review commissioned by the UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia (ROSA) has found that many children in South Asia are exposed to different forms of violence and threats in schools and other educational settings.
UNICEF Report: The State of the World’s Children 2016
Educate All Girls and Boys in South Asia (UNICEF ROSA, 2015) - Finalized in September 2015, this brochure/fact sheet shows the latest data and forecasts on the out-of-school children in South Asia. It includes information and infographics on the number of OOSC in South Asia and the progress since 1999.
What are countries in South Asia doing to meet the learning needs of out-of-school children? (2015) - This paper was presented in the 2015 UKFIET Conference on Education and Development that was held in the Oxford University from 17-19 September 2015. The study documents specific policies and interventions in the four countries underway to ensure that all children have access to learning opportunities via the formal education system or via alternative pathways to education, and by strengthening the equity focus in education sector plans.
Effective Interventions Aimed at Reaching Out-of-School Children A Literature Review (2015, UNICEF ROSA) - This paper aggregates the academic literature reviewing and reporting interventions for out-of-school children (OOSC) around the world to serve as a guide for potential interventions in South Asia and elsewhere. It complements the Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children (OOSCI) South Asia Regional Study (2014).
Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children: South Asia Regional Study (January 2014, UNICEF ROSA) - based on the country reports from Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, this report studies the situation of OOSC in South Asia.